Reading Readiness Skills

Children progress through various stages when learning how to read. Each stage plays an integral part in the overall reading readiness process. Some of the major areas of focus are:

1. Children must understand books:

  • Being able to turn a page
  • Holding a book properly
  • Realizing that the printed word is conveying a message
  • Comprehends what is read with the pictures
  • Enjoys having stories read and re-read to him/her

2. Understanding the meaning of a story:

  • Relating their own experience to the story
  • Uses his/her own experiences to TV shows, movies – can relate by stating, “Yes, I had fun at my birthday party, too!”

3. Understanding words:

  • Recognize their name
  • Recognize familiar TV and/or popular story names (i.e. Sponge Bob, Mickey Mouse, etc.)
  • Recognizes letters that start with the same letter as their name

4. Printing:

  • Recognize the printed word, and are curious as to what things say
  • Show an interest in using pencils, crayons, markers
  • Try to write their name, and/or others names
  • They begin to request their favorite stories at story time, or before bed

5. Recognizing Sounds:

  • Recognize sounds and the differences between them

6. Shapes and Letters:

  • Recognize various shapes and patterns
  • Recognize the position and form of all 26 letters

7. Directionality

  • Understanding the correct manner to hold a book
  • Understanding the left to right and top to bottom process when reading

8. Sounds and Syllables:

  • Recognize the sequence of sounds
  • Recognize the correct order of syllables

9. Letters and Sounds:

  • Recognize the difference between lower and upper case letters
  • Recognize the difference between cursive writing and printing
  • Know that certain sounds are associated with certain letters
  • Understand that two letters make certain sounds (th), or that two letters make one sound, and certain sounds are made up of many letters.

10. Differentiating Letters:

  • Understand the difference between letters (P and b are different as are B and p)

11. Understanding Words:

  • Understand the meaning of the written word

12. Visual and Auditory Skills:

  • Use visual and auditory skills simultaneously

13. Phonetic Rules:

  • Understand letter, sound, and syllable rules of the English language

14. Grammar Rules:

  • Understand the meaning of grammar

Children learn to read when they are ready! We can’t push them into it! Each child progresses at his or her own pace, according to their maturity level.

Nevertheless, the readiness skills addressed in this article are vital to a successful pre-reading process.

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